HIV: CAUSES OF CONSTITUTIONAL SYMPTOMS-MYCOBACTERIUM AVIUM-INTRACELLULARE (MAI)MA

I is a bacterium related to Mycobacterium tuberculosis, but is not transmitted from one person to another. People who do not have HIV infection also get infections with MAI, but only in the lungs. In people with HIV infection, MAI usually occurs late in the course of the infection when the CD4 count is low, and may spread widely throughout the body. In the liver, MAI can cause hepatitis; in the lung, pneumonia; in the intestines, diarrhea. Accompanying all of these infections are constitutional symptoms.     How MAI is transmitted is unclear. It is not passed from one person to another. It is found in nature, often in water supplies, and contact with MAI is probably universal.     Treatment is difficult because MAI resists most antibiotics. Some physicians advocate using five or six drugs. Other physicians feel that these drugs are not effective enough to warrant the possible side effects. Many physicians treat only those people in whom MAI infection is severe. *139\191\2*

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This entry was posted on Thursday, May 19th, 2011 at 11:14 am and is filed under HIV. You can follow any responses to this entry through the RSS 2.0 feed. Both comments and pings are currently closed.

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